Lahore is one of the oldest and historical cities in Pakistan and there are so many places to visit in Lahore. It is the capital of Punjab Province and has inhabited approximately 11,126,285 population in it which makes the second-largest city after Karachi and 26th largest in the entire world. Its dwellers speak the Punjabi language which represents its civilization.
History of Lahore
Many cultural, artistic as well as ancient civilizations are attached to the city. It is the central hub of all social, commercial, trade, industrial and progressive activities.
Its historical perspective has roots back to the various Sultanates through which it was ruled by Ghaznavids, Delhi Sultanate, Ghurids, Hindu Shahis, etc. During 16th to 18th century, Lahore’s civilization was flourished by MUGHAL EMPERORS.
In 1739 Lahore was confiscated by the forces of Afsharid ruler Nadir Shah and saw many ups and downs to its cultural power. Later on, early in the 19th century it became the capital of the Sikh Empire and recaptured some of its vanished magnificence, glory, and majesty.
Declaration Old Capital Of Pakistan
It also served as the central political hub as well as a crucial spot for many independence movements initiated from there between the early to mid-20th century, the era of Pakistani and Indian independence. During the partition of Pakistan, Lahore also witnessed the ultimate revolts, riots, and revolutions between Muslims and Hindus. Lahore was declared the capital of Pakistan in 1947.
Old Name of Lahore
- Samandpal Nagiri
Derivation Of Lahore’s Name
Lohawar old name of Lahore is probably the correct form of its original name. This name is in conformity with “Loh-Kot”, a name mentioned in the Rajput Chronicles meaning “Fort of Loh”.
Lahore Through The Ages
|1000 BC||Foundation of Lahore by Prince Loh, Son of Rama Chandra|
|630 AD||A Great Brahmanb City according to Hieun Tsang|
|800~900 AD||Under Brahmanb rule|
|975 AD||Subuktgin, father of Mahmood Ghaznavi of Ghazni invades Lahore and defeats Raja Jaipal|
|1021 AD||Mahmood Ghaznavi Captures the City|
|1043 AD||Hindu Rajas of Northern India besiege Lahore for seven|
|1039~1099 AD||Golden Rule of Ghaznavids under Zahir-ud-Din Ibrahim|
|1157~1186 AD||Capital of Ghaznavids under twelfth Ghaznavid Emperor|
|1186~1206 AD||Shahab-ud-Din Ghauri conquers Lahore and brings it under the Ghorid Empire|
|1241~1310 AD||The Mongols ransack Lahore several times|
|1398 AD||Tamerlane plunders Lahore|
|1236~1526 AD||Lahore plays almost no role. The Khilji, Tughlaq, Syed and Lodhi dynasties succeed one another in Delhi till Babur captures it in 1524 and lays foundations of the Moghul Empire|
|1524 AD||Babur captures Lahore|
|1554 AD||Babar’s son Humayun returns in triumph after 14 years of exile|
|1606 AD||Emperor Jehangir besieges Lahore|
|1622 AD||Jehangir fixes his court in Lahore|
|1629 AD||Shahjehan proclaimed emperor at Lahore|
|1629~1658 AD||Lahore enjoys peace and prosperity under Ali Mardan and Wazir Khan, Governors of Emperor Shahjehan|
|1659 AD||Emperor Aurangzeb enters Lahore|
|1712 AD||Aurangzeb’s death at Lahore|
|1739 AD||Nadir Shah Durrani, the King of Persia captures Lahore|
|1748~1767 AD||Nadir’s successor, Ahmad Shah Abdali invades Lahore eight times|
|1764~1794 AD||Three Sikh Chiefs Lahna Singh, Sobha Singh and Gujjer Singh occupy Lahore|
|1799~1839 AD||Lahore under Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of the Punjab|
|1839~1848 AD||Successors of Ranjit Singh|
|1849 AD||Annexation of the Punjab by the British brings Lahore under their control|
|1857 AD||East India Company transfers its powers to the British crown and Lahore becomes part of the British Empire|
|1857~1947 AD||British rule|
|1947 AD||Creation of Pakistan|
Food Street Lahore
Lahore is a city with an exceptionally rich food culture and the best places to visit in Lahore. Dwellers of Lahore are famous for having rich and wholesome food. The famous cuisines of Lahore include Chicken Lahori, Murgh Musallam, Paya, Nahari, Kunna, Sajii.
The famous food street Lahore is located on M.M Alam road food street, Fort Road Food Street, and Gawalmandi food street. People enjoy a variety of tasty and rich cuisines there with their families. Various food streets are there to serve the citizens of Lahore to enjoy a tasty diet.
Pakistan film industry, Lollywood works from Lahore. On one hand, the big screen entertains Lahoris with fictive ideas, on the other hand, Dramas help them to have a deep understanding of the recurrent issues of the society along with the vivid picture of cultural norms and values system. It is a leading center of Qawwali and folk music.
Best places to visit in Lahore
Lahore accommodates a large portion of Pakistani tourism, since it holds the title of the Historical City, it has significant locales which inspire, teach and guide tourists regarding its rich cultural and societal background. Lahore has many amusement and family parks too, along with the shrines of numerous eminent and spiritual Saints, Sufis, and Sikhs. Chief fascinations comprise;
Historical Places in Lahore
- Lahore Fort
- Lahore Museum
- Badshahi Mosque
- Wazir Khan Mosque
- Race Course Park
- Anarkali Bazaar
- Shalimar Garden
- Tomb of Jahangir
- Data Darbaar
Minar-e-Pakistan a monumental and national tower was constructed from 1960 till 1968 which is located in Lahore. Its building was accomplished in complete eight years on October 21, 1968, with a total cost of 7,058,000 Rs. It is established at the place where the Pakistan Resolution was passed on 23rd March 1940, which was the foremost authorized call for a distinct and autonomous state for the Muslims of the Subcontinent, established on the foundations of the two-nation theory.
To the Pakistani nation, Minar-e-Pakistan serves as a national, patriotic, and devoted place that led the foundation for Muslims of India on 14th August 1947 and equipped Muslims with a sovereign country. Minar-e-Pakistan reflects a blend of both Islamic as well as Modern architecture. It was fashioned, reared, and shaped by Nasreddin Murat-Khan a civil engineer and architect from Russia and one of the best of many places to visit in Lahore.
The national tower is around 70 meters high having a diameter of 9.75 meters with a park around it, which is made up of marble with a beautiful lake nearby. Nowadays, several rallies and movements for political purposes also initiate from this symbolic place. Furthermore, Minar-e-Pakistan has four platforms at its base.
One platform is made up of stones brought from Taxila, the other one consists of hammer garbed pebbles, and the third one is constructed with carved stones and letter one is shaped with horned marble stones which represents the triumph of Pakistan movement.
Inscription on the walls of the tower attracts the tourists and left them jaw-droppingly surprised. Quranic verses along with 99 names of Allah, various speeches of Quaid-e-Azam, and famous couplets of Allama Iqbal’s poetry are the heritages behind the charm of the tower attraction of tourists.
LAHORE FORT or SHAHI QILA
Lahore Fort or Shahi Qila is another worth visiting place located at the polar end of the walled city of Lahore. It is extended over the area of twenty hectares and includes almost 21 noticeable memorials which have their roots back to the rule of King Akbar. It is a historical place built in 1566 and again wholly reconstructed in the seventeenth century during the regime and grandeur of the Mughal Empire. It stayed under the rule of many Empires and British companies since its construction.
The fort consists of two segments, first is the administration section which contains major entrances, parks, and Diwan-e-Khas for aristocrats. The second one is the private housing sector which comprises various courts. The fort also embraces Sheesh Mahal, expansive rooms, and minor greens.
The Palace of Mirrors or Sheesh Mahal was built under the oversight of Asif Khan for Emperor Shah Jahan in 1631-32 A.D. It is said that Shah Jahan got it developed for his adored sovereign Mumtaz Mahal when she lived in Lahore. Shockingly, before she could venture into the castle she died. Shish Mahal is one of the interesting royal residences, containing perfectly executed stonework, glass mosaic work, and plaster mesh. The finely cut marble net is utilized in openings and the floor is cleared with white marble.
On arrangement, it has a square shape, which opens towards an arcade of twofold columns conveying multi-cusped curves trimmed with plant and blossoms designs in semi-valuable stones. The royal residence had the Haram which means female portion. The back chamber houses have marble screen lovely cut out in-ring and flowers. The marble stone chunks are known as Sang-e-Musa, Sang-e-Abri, and Sang-e-Badal add to the magnificence of the roomy yard in the castle. The shallow water bowl is built in the focal point of Sheesh Mahal which has four-stream wellsprings, however now these are not practical.
The outer wall of the Qila is ornamented with Kashi tiles of Persia which are blue. The main entrance of the fort confronts the Maryam Zamani Mosque and the biggest Alamgiri gate unlocks near Hazuri garden through the Royal Badshahi Mosque. The impact of Hindu construction can be perceived in the zoomorphic trusses.
The Naulakha Pavilion is in the major structures of the fort built in 1633 with a cost of 9000,000 during the reign of Shah Jahan. It is made up of white extending marbles and popular for its distinguishing rounded roof.
Picture Wall was constructed on the order of Emperor Jahangir. It is the utmost creative achievement of the Lahore Fort. Its ramparts are made up of bricks rather than red stones which make it more unique and elegant in comparison to the Red Fort and Agra Fort.
The picture wall consists of 116 panels which represent the numberless, comprising elephant fights, angel stories, and polo games. Many other sections the fort contains include Summer Palace, Kala Burj, Lal Burj, the Khwabgah of Shah Jahan, Diwan-i-Aam, Kharak Singh Haweli, Moti Mosque, Various eminent gates, Temples, etc.
THE LAHORE MUSEUM
The Lahore Museum is Pakistan’s largest depository of social, literary, archeology, artistic, modern historical, cultural, religious, and historical objects. Almost 250,000 tourists visited the museum in 2005 which made it the most visited and famous museum in South Asia. The museum is constructed with red bricks which expose the blend of old civilization along with traditions and conventions of Mughal structural designs and constructions. It was established during the British rule in Lahore during the 19th and 20th centuries.
It is the treasure to Pakistan’s oldest and greatest compilation and safeguard of historical, artistic, and cultural artifacts. Its collections which comprise rare manuscripts, Gandhara carvings gallery, diminutive portraits, formerly used coins are recognized all over the world.
Its assortments of modern canvases, sculptures, constructs, and ethnology are nationwide heritage, custom, and legacy without any comparison. Such objects and arts attract research students, scholars, and tourists throughout the world which identify the culture and tradition of the civilization of the subcontinent. The Lahore Museum holds objects from various countries of the world which include Nepal, Bhutan, Central Asia, the Middle East, Burma, Tibet, and Africa.
The Gandhara Art Gallery introduces a variety of panels, Greco Buddhist sculptures, friezes, sculptures of fasting Buddha, and figurines representing the life history of the Buddha. After having a complete insight of such artifacts the birth, youth, teachings, laws of preaching, and death can be learned and understood. The other collections contain Mughal and Pahari paintings, remnants from the Indus Valley civilization, specimens of fine arts of Mughal and Sikhs etched woodwork, Greco Bactrian periods also.
The collection also comprises various musical instruments, armory textiles, ancient jewels, ceramic objects with worldwide items on display. The museum exhibitions supply from primitive times to the Hindu Imperial period.
The Badshahi Mosque or Emperor’s Mosque is located in Lahore. It is one of the few substantial architectural memorials which were manufactured in 1673 by the Mughal ruler Aurangzeb near the national tower, Minar-e-Pakistan. The mosque serves as the identity and landmarks of the city, as it vividly exhibits the formerly established Mughal rule in Lahore. It is the fifth largest mosque in Pakistan having eight minarets with the division of four square and four octagonal, having the height of 54-meter square.
The mosque was primarily planned to serve as a repository to preserve a component of the Prophet’s hair. Its massive magnitude is greatly inspired by the Jama Mosque located in Delhi which was constructed by Shah Jahan Aurangzeb’s father. During the British control over the mosque and utilized it as an armed forces battalion. Even though the mosque was developed late in the Mughal rule in a period of virtual decline, its elegance, and magnitude symbolize Mughal cultural accomplishment like no other memorial in Lahore.
WAZIR KHAN MOSQUE
The beautiful and eye-catching Wazir Khan Mosque is located near the Delhi Gate of Lahore, surrounded by a Bazaar that adds colors to the beauty of the Mosque and increases its spark. The Bazaar has a wide range of Khussas that is shoe wear, with fresh fruits and a variety of cloths. The Mosque was built from 1634 to 1635 A.D. during the royal authority of Shah Jahan. Nawab Wazir Khan was the governor of Lahore and was the builder of the Wazir Khan Mosque due to this reason the Mosque is called as Wazir Khan Mosque or Masjid.
The real name of Nawab Wazir Khan was Sheikh Ilm ud din Ansari, who was the personal physician of Prince Khurram, due to his efficiency in his work young Prince awarded him with the name of Wazir that is Minister. It is believed that Nawab Wazir Khan cured Noor Jahan when she was having cysts due to which he was awarded gold ornaments which were too costly. A huge amount of money was spent on the construction of this historical Mosque and places to visit Lahore.
The widespread Mosque took over seven long years for its completion. The Mosque is built of tiles and bricks which feature the historic time in which Wazir Khan was dwelling. The walls of the Mosque are covered with the holy verses of the Quran, Persian Poetry, and the fine work of Frescoes. The Frescoes are in Mughal style. All these decorations designs and patterns on the walls fill the soul with soothing pleasure.
There are 22 shops with antique doors, which was once called Calligrapher’s Bazaar and one of the best places to visit Lahore. There is a prayer area in the Mosque with a large pool which is used for ablution. The tomb of Sufi Muhammad Ishaq Gazruni is also located at Wazir Khan Mosque which is being visited by the devotees. It is the best place to be visited, especially for those who have a keen interest in history and for those who want to enjoy the tranquillity and best places to visit in Lahore.
RACE COURSE OR JILANI PARK
Race Course Park GOR1 Jogging Track is a 1.8 mile situated close to Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. It is on the Jail Road before the Services Hospital. It is well known for its flower shows and artificial waterfalls. Horse racing competitions are held in this park yearly. It is named after Ghulam Jilani Khan. Polo Lounge is a popular restaurant located at Race Course Park. The Greenery of the park brings peace and comfort to the soul.
ANARKALI BAZAAR PLACES TO VISIT IN LAHORE
The bazaar is found in central Lahore, the moment most crowded city in Pakistan. Anarkali means the bloom of pomegranate trees, It is named after a slave young lady who, agreeing to legend, was immured by Sovereign Akbar for having an affair with his son Saleem. Anarkali bazaar is a crowded and sparkling market having a thick zone covered with residencies, and open buildings from the colonial period, counting Lahore Exhibition hall and a few universities.
The bazaar has two parts: Ancient Anarkali and Modern Anarkali. Ancient Anarkali is known since of its advertising of traditional food, while the shops in New Anarkali are more eye-catching. They offer an assortment of things, counting conventional dresses, shoes, gems, bangles, desserts, sports products, and crafted works. Inside New Anarkali, there are personal Market zones such as Bano Bazaar, Dhoni Slam Path, and Paan Gali, which makes Anarkali extraordinary. It can be said that Anarkali Bazaar captures the inborn bazaar life of Lahore.
SHALIMAR GARDEN PLACES TO VISIT IN LAHORE
Shalimar Bagh is one of the most famous places in Lahore which again reflects the historical beauty of the Mughal’s period. The Garden was built in 1641 A.D by the great Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. It is a Persian-style garden, located in the Northeast of Lahore. Its development was directed by Khalilullah Khan, who was respectable in Shah Jahan’s court.
The plant complex got affected by districts like Central Asia, Persia, Kashmir, Punjab, and the Delhi Sultanate. The Shalimar garden was consolidated into the list of UNESCO World Legacy Destinations beside Lahore Fort in 1981.
The history of Shalimar Garden is related to the Arian family Bhaganpura who are believed to be real owners of the Garden area. The Mughal head Shah Jahan conferred the regal title “Mian” to the family for their administrations to the Mughal Empire. The Bagh is spread out in three lifted levels of porches mounted over one another. The lower level is known as Hayat Baksh, which implies Advocate of Life.
The center level is known as Faiz Baksh, which implies Advocate of goodness whereas the third or upper level is known as Farah Baksh meaning Sponsor of Delight. Its structural plan is based on that of Char Bagh. A tall brick divider popular for its point-by-point fretwork encompasses the plant. The complex is 658 meters from north to south and 258 meters from east to west.
There are in add up to 410 wellsprings with waters streaming into marble pools. The plant complex houses various buildings which incorporate Sawan Bhadun house, Nagar Khana, Khwabgah or room implied for resting, Hammam or shower area, the Aiwan or the enormous lobby, Aramgah or place of resting. Khawabgah of Begum Sahib put for emperor’s spouse, Baradaries, or the resting places amid summer particularly to appreciate the coolness created by the wellsprings within the gardens, Diwan-e-Khas-o-Aam or the put of the interaction of uncommon and standard individuals with the head. In a nutshell, it can be concluded that it is a place to witness historical beauty and places to visit in Lahore.
PLACES TO VISIT IN LAHORE TOMB OF JAHANGIR
Jahangir was one of the greatest Mughal Emperors, who ruled from 1605-1627. He is well known for his love tale with Anarkali. The tomb was built for Jahangir after his death at Shahdara Bagh. He was intrigued with art, science, and design. He began his artwork when he was exceptionally youthful and played an imperative portion in advancing the craftsmanship of Mughal portray in his locale.
Jahangir passed on in 1627 on his return from Kashmir & buried in Shahdara Bagh, Lahore. Sharda was a “favorite spot” of Jahangir and his spouse “Noor Jahan” when they lived within the city. This Garden is known as “Bah-e-Dilkusha” meaning a cultivate that fills the heart with delight.
PLACES TO VISIT IN LAHORE | DATA DARBAAR
It is the biggest Sufi sanctum in South Asia and holds the remains of Information Ganj Baksh, who is accepted to have lived here back in the 11th century. Data Darbar is located within the middle that’s west of Bhatti Door, exterior to the Ancient City, Encompassing it are Lower Shopping center Street, Bhati Door, Gawalmandi & Karbala Gamay Shah.
The location is considered to be the foremost sacrosanct place in Lahore. The hallowed place has risen a major financial, political, and social middle in Lahore, and is one of the as it was placed in Lahore where the greatly wealthy and lower class share space together.
Qawwali exhibitions are regularly held at the holy place. On extraordinary events, the Holy place is beautified with lights, supper is ready for thousands of guests, who to share in dance moves whereas artists play Sufi music for hours. At the boundary of the Darbar, Muslim believers present the Qur’an and pay tributes to the Prophet Muhammad.
PLACES TO VISIT IN LAHORE| BAGH-E-JINNAH
Once in the past known as Lawrence Gardens is a historical Garden within the city of Lahore, Pakistan. It is found on Lawrence Street following Lahore Zoo, specifically over from the Governor’s House on The Shopping center. The expansive green space contains a botanical plant, Masjid Dar-ul-Islam, and Quaid-e-Azam Library. There are entertainment and sports offices inside the stop: an open-air theater, an eatery, tennis courts, and the Gymkhana Cricket Ground these are the best places to visit in Lahore.
The location was named after John Lawrence, who served as the primary Chief Commissioner and after that Lieutenant Representative of Punjab. At the starting of the twentieth century, Lawrence Garden started offering plants it had developed to the common people. Natural product trees were imported from over the British Domain, counting grapes and mulberries. Following the partition of Indo-Pak and the creation of Pakistan, Lawrence Gardens was renamed Bagh-e-Jinnah in respect of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.